A doctor usually prescribes a certain patient drug to treat a disease or condition. Doctors in the treatment of different ailments use several common drugs. These include aspirin, antacids, and antibiotics. Doctors commonly use antibiotics like penicillin to treat infections of the urinary tract and respiratory system.

Want to know what doctors use some common drugs? Well, here they are!

Drugs are everywhere. From over-the-counter medications to prescription drugs, drugs are used to treat various conditions, from headaches to high blood pressure.

In this article, I will give you a list of some of the most commonly used drugs.

We’re not talking about pharmaceutical drugs that the FDA approves, but those that doctors prescribe that aren’t. They are classified as “off-label” prescriptions. In other words, they are being used for conditions that weren’t intended for them but have been found to help. These are sometimes called “unapproved” or “prescription medications.” There are thousands of these, including everything from antidepressants to sleep aids to antibiotics. So what are some of the most commonly prescribed drugs, and why might doctors prescribe them?



I’m sure you’ve heard about the recent measles outbreak. You may have already seen the news about the vaccination campaign.

While this is certainly important, there is another side of the story that many people are missing.

As the outbreak continues to spread, the American Academy of Pediatrics has advised against vaccinations for children under 12 years of age.

While it’s true that vaccines are safe and effective, parents should be aware of the risks of vaccinations.

Anti-inflammatory medications

The first type of drug is an anti-inflammatory medication.

Common types include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen. They all have their advantages and disadvantages.

Aspirin is the most commonly used over-the-counter drug. It treats various conditions, such as fever, headaches, and pain. Aspirin is also a very affordable drug, and it can help you avoid visiting your doctor.

Ibuprofen is another popular choice. It works as well as or better than aspirin and is less expensive than aspirin. However, it’s not as effective in treating pain, so you may need to take more than one.

Naproxen is a stronger form of ibuprofen. It’s more expensive than ibuprofen and aspirin but has fewer side effects. It’s also better at treating pain.

Acetaminophen is a generic version of the active ingredient in Tylenol. Acetaminophen is the most widely used drug in the United States. It’s available over-the-counter and can be taken to treat a fever, headache, or other symptoms.


The most common class of drugs used by doctors today is antibiotics. Antibiotics treat infections like ear infections, sore throats, or pneumonia.

The Mayo Clinic says, “Antibiotics kill bacteria, viruses, and fungi, so they are commonly used to treat bacterial infections, especially in the bloodstream.”

However, you should always consult your doctor before taking any medication. While they can effectively treat certain conditions, they can also cause side effects.


When it comes to the treatment of hypertension, diuretics are the main tools. There are many different types of diuretics, and each type has a specific effect on the body.

Many of the most common diuretics include the following:

  • Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
  • Furosemide
  • Spironolactone
  • Kaliuretic
  • Loop diuretics
  • Bumetanide

These are often referred to as the big three: furosemide, spironolactone, and hydrochlorothiazide.

Cortisone injections

If you have a chronic condition, you might use a cortisone drug. Cortisone is a hormone produced by the body that helps reduce inflammation.

When injected into the affected area, it can help reduce swelling and pain and give you more flexibility.

However, cortisone injections can lead to side effects such as thinning hair, increased appetite, weight gain, and even acne.

Anti-anxiety medications

You may be surprised to find a wide variety of anti-anxiety medications available.

For example, Zoloft is an antidepressant sometimes used to treat anxiety. It’s also used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression.

On the other hand, Bupropion has the opposite effect. It’s an antidepressant that’s used to treat nausea and insomnia. However, it’s also used to treat obesity, smoking cessation, and alcohol withdrawal.

Some of the most common anti-anxiety medications are:

  • Alprazolam
  • Amitriptyline
  • Clonazepam
  • Lorazepam
  • Oxazepam
  • Valium
  • Zolpidem

Frequently Asked Questions Drugs

Q: What are some common drugs used by doctors?

A: Drugs that doctors commonly use include: antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, antidepressants, pain relievers, etc.

Q: What are some medications that may not be prescribed by a doctor but can cause many problems?

A: You shouldn’t take certain drugs on your own. These include steroids, growth hormones, and over-the-counter cold/flu medications.

Q: How can you prevent getting a prescription for a medication you don’t need?

A: Ask your doctor if you can go through an alternative route to healing.

Q: Can you give me some examples of drugs that you should avoid taking on your own?

A: Examples of drugs you should avoid taking on your own include: steroids, growth hormones, and over-the-counter cold/flu medications.

Top 3 Myths About Drugs

1. The use of antibiotics has been linked to thyroid problems.

2. Cortisone injections are used to treat patients with thyroid problems.

3. thyroid hormone replacement therapy will be associated with cancer.


What information do you look for when you see a prescription drug advertisement in a magazine or newspaper?

You want to know what the product is, what conditions it treats, how much it costs, and if it’s safe. This is called a “drug comparison.”

You can make a list of the drugs that are commonly prescribed for each of these conditions.

You can also do an Internet search to see what other people are saying about the drug. You can even ask your doctor or pharmacist.

You can get a free sample if you buy a new drug. Your doctor may also prescribe a generic version of the drug.

The next step is to determine if the drug works for you. You can do this by reading the patient’s medical record.


I blog because it’s fun! My blog is all about making a healthy living as easy and accessible as possible. I enjoy sharing my favorite recipes and fitness tips with readers. I live in Northern Virginia and spend my free time running, hiking, cooking, and trying to keep fit.